The hottest machine changes people to create new e

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"Machines replace people", change out of new employment space

enter the production workshop, the machine arms operate in an orderly manner, and the products flow in automatic production lines. In such a large space, only a few workers are managing and maintaining, which is the norm in many factories. Today, when machines tend to be information-based, intelligent and automated, machine replacement is no longer a new topic

however, as the simple and repeated manual labor on the production line is replaced by machines, people have always been worried about whether jobs will be lost. Recently, two employment analysis reports from the Ministry of human resources and social security showed that machine replacement, at the same time, the door to a new career is suddenly opening

new demand

the industrial robot industry is developing rapidly, accompanied by a shortage of applied talents

when he just graduated from University, Guo Biao, who majored in technology, was once confused: he felt that the work of technology was very boring, dealing with machines all day, and his salary was low. By repeatedly comparing different fields and links, he finally chose to take root in the robot industry, and now he has become a senior industrial robot engineer

talking about the reasons, Guo Biao said that industrial robots can be operated and are fast to use. It's very interesting to make robots move. The learning process can also be simulated on the computer, which does not necessarily require a robot in real time, which is very convenient. Industrial robot technology is avant-garde. Not many people in many enterprises understand this technology. It is a hot topic in the operation procedure of technical hydraulic universal machine in metal tensile test industry. There is a sense of achievement in doing this job, and the salary is also very considerable. He said

Guo Biao's growth and feelings show the characteristics of the development of China's industrial robot industry in recent years

on the one hand, the industrial robot industry has developed rapidly. China has become the country with the largest sales of industrial robots in the world for five consecutive years, and a large number of industrial robots are required to be launched every year. In 2018, the sales volume of industrial robots in China was about 150000. By 2020, the number of industrial robots in China will exceed 800000. From the more prominent position in the economic and social development of our province, automobile manufacturing, 3C electronic manufacturing to hardware manufacturing, ceramic sanitary ware, logistics and transportation, industrial robots have been more and more widely used in the manufacturing industry

on the other hand, the demand for industrial talents is gradually emerging. As a high-end equipment with high technology integration, complex application environment and professional operation and maintenance, robot has a multi-level talent demand. The report of the Ministry of human resources and social security pointed out that in recent years, domestic enterprises and scientific research institutions have increased the introduction and training of talents in the research direction of robot technology, and have made significant improvements in the hardware foundation and technical level, but the training of application-oriented talents such as on-site debugging, maintenance operation and operation management is still insufficient, mastering the operation, maintenance, debugging There will be an increasing demand for engineers in troubleshooting and system integration technologies

Bi Yalei, assistant to the president of the Institute of advanced technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Shenzhen), believes that with the application of emerging technologies, the traditional primary and secondary industries are becoming more and more intelligent, and industrial robots are now widely used in enterprises, which puts forward new requirements for the scientific and cultural quality and technical ability of workers

previously, the Ministry of education, the Ministry of human resources and social security and the Ministry of industry and information technology released the "manufacturing talent development planning guide" predicted that the talent gap in related fields would reach 3million by 2020

new occupations

the demand for industrial robot system operators and operation and maintenance personnel will reach about 1.25 million in the next five years

with the development of the industry and the rising market demand, emerging occupations came into being. This year, the Ministry of human resources and social security and the State Administration of market supervision jointly released 13 emerging occupations, including industrial robot system operators and industrial robot system operators

recently, the Ministry of human resources and social security released an analysis report on the employment boom of these two emerging occupations. It is expected that their respective talent demand will reach about 1.25 million in the next five years

due to the large demand of the market and the professional requirements, the salary of employees in the field of industrial robots has also been greatly improved. For example, the reference salary of technical operators is 5500-7000 yuan/month, while that of industrial robot maintenance engineers is 7000-10000 yuan/month, and that of system integration engineers is more than 20000 yuan/month

Wang Weijun, director of the robotics and intelligent equipment center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Shenzhen) advanced technology research, believes that there are certain technical barriers in the employment of industrial robots, and relevant high skilled technical talents play an irreplaceable role in enterprises. The release of two types of new occupations will effectively promote the rapid development of emerging industries and play an increasingly important role in future production and social development

in fact, at present, many employees in enterprises are actually engaged in industrial robot related work. What is their employment status

according to the report of the Ministry of human resources and social security, in terms of academic qualifications, 44.44% of industrial robot system operators and operation and maintenance personnel have college degrees, and 45% of them have college degrees or below, so the educational threshold is not high; In terms of salary, the salary of 45% industrial robot system operators and operators is twice the local average salary, which is generally higher than the local average salary; In terms of demand, enterprises or companies with 67% of employees have introduced industrial robots or intelligent manufacturing production lines as production equipment, and the demand for jobs is increasing

Tan Weijia, Deputy Secretary General of Shenzhen Robot Association, believes that most traditional enterprises are now upgrading their industries. Under the general trend of replacing people with machines, the domestic robot field is developing very rapidly. From the perspective of industry demand and national policies, there is a lack of talents related to industrial robots, and the development prospect is promising

New Development

career development has channels, good prospects for the future, and wide employment space

Yang Xin's first formal job began with robots. It is his duty to screw every screw on the robot and connect all the lines in the controller. Yang Xin still remembers a sentence taught by the master: if you don't want the screwdriver scratch marks on the robot you buy, the robot customers assembled from your hands don't want Ma Fang to fully support it and are willing to seize the opportunity to see that you should treat the machine equipment you produce like a child

from the production of industrial robots, understanding the hardware composition, to learning application debugging, and accumulating project experience, Yang Xin has become more and more aware of the actual needs of customers, so as to participate in the research and development and design of the company's new generation of robots, and constantly optimize the production process of industrial robots

like Yang Xin, many people start their careers from a seemingly trivial detail. As an emerging profession, industrial robot system operators and operators also have clear career development channels

in general robot enterprises, technicians can be divided into four types of work according to the division of functions. The first is the assistant of the engineer, who assists the Engineer in producing mechanical drawings, electrical drawings, simple tooling and fixture design, making process cards, and guiding workers to assemble according to assembly drawings; Secondly, the trial production personnel and operators of the robot production line, who teach the robot system or program offline, and adjust various parameters to make the robot system produce qualified products; Another kind of employees are responsible for the final assembly and debugging of the robot, so that the robot can reach the factory state; High end maintenance or after-sales service personnel are also essential. In short, around robot technology, talents in different links play an important role

with the establishment of two types of new occupations, the development of relevant vocational training has a basis. Zhuguoyun, director of the robot teaching and Research Office of Shenzhen second senior technical school, believes that the establishment of the two occupations points out the direction for the training of robot and intelligent manufacturing professionals in applied undergraduate, higher vocational colleges, technical colleges and various social training institutions, and has far-reaching significance for the training of high-end manufacturing talents

on the basis of the solid building block structure experimental method standard gb/t50329 ⑵ 002, the robot industry has given a broad space for talents. When the company's industrial robot products continued to improve, Yang Xin transformed to a sales position and grew into an industrial robot product manager. He found that industrial robots should not only have reliable quality, excellent performance and rich functions, but also be close to the actual scene application of enterprises, so as to truly solve the pain points and employment difficulties of terminal production. Now he is thinking about developing corresponding industrial robots according to the characteristics of segmented industries, and doing his part for the company and the manufacturing industry

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